The Most Common Ten Diseases in the Dental Department Download PDF

Journal Name : SunText Review of Dental Sciences

DOI : 10.51737/2766-4996.2022.154

Article Type : Research Article

Authors : Azhar Kharsa

Keywords : Orthodontist, Periodontitis, Achondroplasia

Abstract

In this article the author focuses of the most common ten diseases and anomalies that come across our daily practice in the Dental Department of AHT-SA Hospital. The author depended on the statistics, cases reports and active cases of his daily practice. The most registered anomaly considered disease in the Orthodontic Department has been the Malocclusion. It’s found out that 94% of the patient who visited the Orthodontic Clinic of A.H. Hospital have had a sort of Mal-Occlusion [1]. The other diseases that had been registered had been: the Dental Caries, Periodontitis, Cleft-Lip and Palate, Ectodermal Dysplasia, Dentigerous Cysts, Impacted Third Molars, Mouth breathing and Snoring, Diabetes and its dental aftermaths and Finally Achondroplasia.


Introduction

This study has used the files, the notes and all the registrations and statistics of the hospital [2]. Despite that the diseases differ in their advent according to the region, the ethnic considerations and the patients’ habits, however, the author tries in summarize the highest registered cases during the period of the latest 18 months within the Hospital.


The Most Numbered Diseases in the Orthodontic Clinic Have Been

Malocclusion

According to 1084 registered patients who visited the Orthodontic Clinic during the period of the study, it is found out that 1019 patients have shown a sort of Malocclusion, whose percentage is 94% of the whole patient’s number. The Malocclusion is any abnormality in the maxillofacial structures, either of the Skeletal or Dental Aspects. The reasons of Malocclusion are complicated and mostly there is no specific reason for the Malocclusion (Profit et al.), as the hereditary interacts with the acquired reasons to effect the malocclusion (Figure 1). The treatments of malocclusion depend according to the age, evaluation and its grade [3]. The potential malocclusion of the growing child may be treated by the Orthodontic Growth Modification Appliances, like functional and extra-oral appliances. The Skeletal Malocclusion cases can by treated by the orthognathic approaches that include the three steps procedures of a- Presurgical Orthodontic Phase. b- Surgery. c- Postsurgical Orthodontic Phase. However, the most part of the Orthodontic Cases are within the range of Dental and Camouflaging approaches [4].


Figure 1: A Case of malocclusion, Class II D1 subdivision left side.



Dental Caries

The Dental Decay is the second common disease within the Orthodontic Clinic, as 976 of the patients who visited the Orthodontic Clinic about 90% showed dental caries at least once in their medical history. The reasons of Dental Caries include the bacterial and diet ones. The mean bacteria that contribute in the sequence of the dental caries may include the Lactic Bacilli and S.Mutans (Figure 2).