Article Type : Case Report
Authors : Hussain A
Keywords : Endourological; Haemoglobin; Abdominal pain
Surgical treatment of stone disease has evolved through generations of research and usage of various engineering models. Now at present we have many technological advances in the field of Endo Urological Management of Stone disease at our disposal.
Surgical treatment of stone disease has evolved through generations of research and usage of various engineering models. Now at present we have many technological advances in the field of Endo Urological Management of Stone disease at our disposal. Many of these advances has come as a boon to treat various cases of challenging stone situations. We describe one such challenging condition where surgical treatment of stone disease is always a Dilemma due to its various approaches to patient with Stone disease. We hereby describe a rare case of large number of ureteric stones load in a case of congenital ureterocele with megaureter, in a 33-year-old gentleman presenting with lower abdominal pain.
A 27-year-old Indian gentleman presented to us with dull aching pain in the lower abdomen and more on the left lower quadrant for the past 10 days. There was history of dysuria and hematuria. Clinical examination showed soft and non-distended abdomen with no tenderness, no palpable mass or organomegaly with intact hernial orifices. External genitalia examination revealed normal study. Investigations showed Hemoglobin of 14.7 gm%, S. Creatine101mmol/L. WBC counts 9850 cell/cmm and Urine analysis shows – normal, RBC. USG revealed Dilated lower portion of left ureter with multiple calculi largest of them 24mm and lower pole calculi in left kidney and CT KUB done showed Large dilated ureter left side with multiple calculi and left lower pole renal calculi.
Operation performed: Cystoscopy + LASER incision of Left ureterocele + laser Lithotripsy + Double j stenting
Procedure highlights: Smiley incision using LASER. Dilated lower ureter with multiple calculi atleast 35-40 with large calculus 24mm.
Intra Operative findings: Postoperative recovery was uneventful. Patient improved well. Foleys catheter removal done on 1st day. .
Anomalous ureteric caliber with congenital ureterocele very rarely lead to compromised renal drainage with increase the risk of urolithiasis. Endourological management is challenging due to these abnormalities leading to difficulties accessing the stone. Treatment such as Ureterolithomy and stone extraction are described in literature for management of giant ureteric calculus but can be technically challenging, with associated morbitities. Advances in technology and technique have allowed us to use a different approach to this case. Here we have used the combination of Ureteroscopy with help of holmium laser technology to access the stones via smiley incision over the base of the ureterocele and retrieval into the bladder. The bladder stones are removed by partial fragmentation of the stones using nephroscope into the urethra and combination of Pneumatic lithoclast and holmium laser had immense value in retrival of stone fragments via bladder. This article aims to review and summarise the efficacy and safety of holmium laser with URS for urolithiasis in anomalous ureter. This is the most number of stones removal documented in a single ureter in a single via total endoscopic approach (Figures 1-5) [1-5].
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