Article Type : Research Article
Authors : Marchiori CH
Keywords : Beetle; Phyllophaga; Pelecinus; Pelecinus polyturator; Flies
Species of Pelecanidae have been reared on larvae of Melolonthinae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae), especially in species of Phyllophagous, and apparently Pelecinus polyturator (Drury, 1773) (Hymenoptera: Pelecanidae). It is a solitary koinobiont endoparasitoid of Phyllophaga anxia (LeConte, 1850), P. polyturator, Podischnus rugosa (Melsheimer, 1846) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Melolonthinae) and has been bred from Podischnus agenor (Olivier, 1789) (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Dynastinae). The structure and movements of the metasoma in the female of P. polyturator. The genus Pelecinus and recognize three species. Females introduce the ovipositor into the soil to reach the beetle larva, flies, green lacewings, and sawflies. The objective is to describe the Pelecinidae Family (Insecta: Hymenoptera) as parasitoids of Melolonthinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) larvae. The bibliographic search used the following databases: Biological Abstract (https://www.ebsco.com/products/research-databases/biological-abstracts), Academia.edu (https://www.academia.edu Researchgate (https://www.researchgate.net/) and Frontiers (http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/<DOI>). The articles were published from 2002 to 2022 in indexed scientific research, book scientific chapters, these banks, university dissertations, national and international scientific articles, scientific journals, documents and even in general journals when considered of interest.
The family Pelecinidae belongs to a superfamily Proctotrupoidea is a Hymenoptera superfamily containing seven extant families: Austroniidae (Australasian), Heloridae (Worldwide), Pelecinidae (Nearctic and Neotropical), Peradeniidae (Australasian), Proctorenyxidae (Eastern Oriental and Palaearctic), Proctotrupidae (Worldwide), Roproniidae (Nearctic and Palaearctic) Vanhorniidae (Nearctic, Oriental and Palaearctic). Though others have been recognized in the past, most of these have been removed to a recently erected superfamily Diaprioidea. Of the remaining families, only Proctotrupidae contains a substantial number of species, with over 400 described. The others are small, often relict groups. The superfamily is Proctotrupoidea endoparasitoids of the beetle larva (Coleoptera) or less commonly fly larva (Mycetophilidae: Diptera).
The biology of this genus is poorly understood, despite its present conspicuous size. Species of Pelecinidae have been reared on larvae of Melolonthinae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae), especially in species of Phyllophaga and apparently P. polyturator. It is a solitary coenobiont endoparasitoid of Phyllophaga anxia (LeConte, 1850).
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